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An early Roman Republic Bronze Helmet, ca. 3rd century BC.,

of hammered sheet bronze, consisting of a dome secured to cheek pieces attached by means of hinges that protect the sides of the face and the ears.  A groove runs through the center of the dome for the attachment of a crest that also lightens the weight of the helmet for the wearer; the sides of the dome are more heavily protected.  The cheek pieces curve around to protect the face and have holes at the bottom for attachment.

Developed along the style of the Chalcidian helmet, popular during 5th and 4th century in Greece and Southern Italy. Chalcidian helmets are so named due to their prominence in the art of the city Chalcis, although it is unknown if that is where the helmet style originated. Such helmets have a dome shape with attached cheek pieces and neck guard, and are usually more decorated than this example.  A more developed version of the Corinthian helmet, it sits more securely on the head giving the wearer better vision while also being lighter.

Parallels:  For related examples see:  Warry, John, Warfare in the Classical World, (1980), page 109, Roman Helmets #7 - 9 and M.C.Bishop And J.C.N. Coulston, Roman Military Equipment: From The Punic War To The Fall Of Rome. (1993) pg:102 #1.

Condition:  construction originally in two pieces,  with ancient rivet joins along the center, the left cheek guard professionally reconstructed.  Otherwise the helmet is in very good condition overall, custom mounted.

Dimensions:  30.5cm x 15 cm x 23 cm

Provenance:  Jens Wolters, private collection, Krefeld, Germany, acquired from the German trade 30th December,1981.  Copy of original purchase invoice will accompany this object.

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