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* An Egyptian Limestone Relief, Old Kingdom, Dynasty V, ca. 2465 - 2323 BCE

PB-ES003

A large beer-lovers relief! Originally from a mastaba and carved in raised relief in three registers, the top register providing pictorial elements of an offering list that refers to all types of ancient Egyptian beverages, in particular, beer. From left to right, the text reads: 

Mzt-food, 2 portions Dsrt-drink, 2 portions (a type of beer) Dsrt-iAtt-drink, 2 portions (a combination of beer and a milk drink) HnKt beer, 2 portions (ordinary beer) khenmes-beer, 2 portions (a type of beer) sekhepet-drink, 2 portions pxA-drink

the middle register with nine kneeling attendants, their arms extended, holding offering cups, the third register two standing priests flank three finely carved gesticulating figures, shown kneeling, above them, the text reads:  “Transfigurations by the lector priests.”, referring to a type of ritual to make the deceased into the glorified dead. Note that the lector priest is defaced, probably by Akhenaten’s agents.

Contact us to view a video of this relief.

Dimensions: Length: 30 inches (76.2 cm), Width: 20 inches (50.8 cm)

Condition: Complete with some polychrome remains, finely carved with small expected losses.  A large and impressive example of Old Kingdom art.

Provenance: Simonian Family collection, California acquired prior 1972 and then by descent, thereafter Peter Boromeo private collection, Virginia since 2009.


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