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A Nubian Clay Redware Jar, Napatan Period, ca. 722-332 BC

constructed from Nile silt clay, the ovoid body with rounded base, the wide mouth with  flat vertical rim. 

Background:  The Napatan Period is named after the town Napata, where an Amun temple was built and where the kings were buried in small pyramids (the cemeteries are located not far at Nuri and el Kurru). Napata was the religious centre of the country. The political centre was perhaps already quite early farther south at Meroe.

In the visible record Napatan culture seems heavily influenced by the Egyptians. The kings were buried in small pyramids, with an Egyptian style funerary equipment (shabtis, sarcophagi with religious texts, canopic jars, funerary stelae). The Egyptian hieroglyphic script was used. The exact order of most kings of the Napatan period is still under discussion. There is a group of well attested rulers dating shortly after the the end of Napatan control of Egypt (for example: Senkamanisken and Aspelta). Some kings dating to about the 4th century BC are again well-known from long monumental inscriptions (Arikamaninote, Harsiotef).

Dimensions:Height: Maximum: 6 1/8 x 3 1/2 in. (15.6 x 8.9 cm)

Condition:   Losses and cracks to the rim, otherwise intact and in very good condition overall.

Provenance:Ex collection of Field Marshal Earl Kitchener of Khartoum (1850-1916), and thence by decent, thereafter private NY Private NY collection, on loan to the Michael C Carlos museum, Emory University from 2013 - 2015, loan number: L2013.041.002.

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