This impressive vessel is a superb example of Amratian-period red-ware pottery. The vessel stands on a small, rounded base tapering outward to a spherical body, with rounded shoulder under a wide mouth with flared rim. The shoulder features rare three corded, impressed lines and impressed loops on either side that are intended to portray rope with handles. The exterior is beautifully coated with a thin red iron-oxide wash that was burnished to a lustrous finish, probably by using a pebble. The vessel was made by hand using coil construction (the process is still visible on the inside).
Classified as P-ware, "polished red", by W.M. Flinders Petrie because of their distinctive surface color, polish rims, and construction from fine riverine clay, they are a hallmark of the Naqada II-III Period. For a related example see: Payne, Joan Crowfoot, Catalogue of the Pre Dynastic Egyptian Collection in the Ashmolean Museum, Clarendon Press, 1993, page. 63, fig. 31 number 429.
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition overall, a very fine example with rare decorative element.
Dimensions: height: 5.98 inches (15.19 cm), Diameter: 5 inches (12.7 cm)
Provenance: private Virginia collection and previously in a private California collection, acquired in the 1960's and then by descent.