Pierced longitudinally for suspension, the scarab is finely carved from steatite then fired with a fine blue/green glaze. The back has a single suture and pronotum lines, the legs to the side naturalistically carved. The base with deeply incised text that reads: "Edjo, lady of Lower Egypt"
Edjo (Wadjet, Wadjyt, Wadjit, Uto, Uatchet, Buto) was one of the oldest Egyptian goddesses. Her worship was already established by the Predynastic Period, but did change somewhat as time progressed. She began as the local goddess of Per-Wadjet (Buto) but soon became a patron goddess of Lower Egypt. By the end of the Predynastic Period she was considered to be the personification of Lower Egypt rather than a distinct goddess and almost always appeared with her sister Nekhbet (who represented Upper Egypt). The two combined represented the country as a whole and were represented in the pharaoh´s "nebty" name (also known as "the two ladies") which indicated that the king ruled over both parts of Egypt. The earliest recovered example of the nebty name is from the reign of Anedjib of the First Dynasty. Her sacred animal was the cobra, and she was often depicted as either a rearing cobra, a winged cobra, or a woman with the head of a cobra. She was also depicted as a woman wearing the red crown of Lower Egypt.
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition, with minor wear to the surface of the glaze and minor mineral accretion, a small loss to the bottom edge of the base that does not detract.
Dimensions: Length: 0.5 inch (1.27 centimeters)
Provenance: Philip Mitry private collection, acquired prior to 1968.