naturalistically hand-carved from pure rock crystal, the wings and head well defined, pierced vertically for attachment,
Background:An amulet with a long history, already found in burials of the predynastic Naqada 2nd period before 3100 BC, is the stylized fly (afef) always recognizable from its characteristic wing configuration even when the head is not clearly distinguished. Egyptians acknowledged the fly's tenacity in the form of a military decoration known as the "Order of the Golden Fly" or "Fly of Valor." These fly amulets were awarded for bravery in battle, perhaps because of the fly's persistence in the face of opposition. A military official named Ahmose-Pennekhbet proudly records that he was awarded six of these honorific flys. The fly is even a central figure in Egyptian mythology which states that the fly gave protection against disease or misfortune.
For related example see: Carol Andrews: Amulets of Ancient Egypt, pg.10, fig. 4b.
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition overall.
Dimensions: Height: 2.22 cm (0.87 inches), Width: 1.27 cm (0.5 inches)
Provenance: Private Texas collection, acquired in Israel in the early 1960's and then by descent.