the cylindrical form with incised line pattern.
Seals were most often made of stone but also sometimes of bone, ivory, faience, glass, metal, wood, or even sun-dried or baked clay. A recessed inscription was carved onto the cylinder, which produced a raised impression when rolled on a clay tablet or envelope. Cylinder seals were used to protect vessels, clay envelopes and storeroom door latches from tampering. They guaranteed authenticity, marked ownership, indicated participation in a legal transaction and protected goods against theft.
cf: Kaplony, P., "Die Rollsiegel des Alten Reichs," 1981, Tafel 149 #1 and Giza Plateau Mapping project: http://www.aeraweb.org/lost_city_rab.asp
Dimensions:Height: 1 1/16 inches (2.7 cm)
Condition:Intact and in very good condition overall.
Provenance:Private NY collection, acquired from Bernheimer Antiques, Cambridge MA in early 1980's thereafter on loan to the Michael C Carlos Museum, Emory University, from 2011 - 2015, loan number: L2001.007.002