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EF1508

An Egyptian Faience Cylinder Seal, Late Old Kingdom, 2216-2120 BC

of pale blue faience with incised cross hatch pattern. Seals were most often made of stone but also sometimes of bone, ivory, faience, glass, metal, wood, or even sun-dried or baked clay. A recessed inscription was carved onto the cylinder, which produced a raised impression when rolled on a clay tablet or envelope. Cylinder seals were used to protect vessels, clay envelopes and storeroom door latches from tampering. They guaranteed authenticity, marked ownership, indicated participation in a legal transaction and protected goods against theft.

cf: Kaplony, P., "Die Rollsiegel des Alten Reichs," 1981, Tafel 149 #1 and Giza Plateau Mapping project: http://www.aeraweb.org/lost_city_rab.asp

Dimensions:Height: Overall: 1/2 x 5/16 in. (1.3 x 0.8 cm)

Condition:Intact and in very good condition overall.

Provenance:Private NY collection, acquired from Bernheimer Antiques, Cambridge MA in early 1980's thereafter on loan to the Michael C Carlos Museum, Emory University, from 2011 - 2015, loan number: L2001.007.001

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