An inscribed heart amulet surmounted by a sun disk and two delicate wings on either side, the front inscribed for Osiris. A suspension loop attached behind the disk.
For the ancient Egyptians, the heart (ib) was the source of intelligence, feelings, and actions. A person's memory was also housed in the heart and so at the judgment ceremony (Weighing of the Heart) in the afterlife, the heart was able to speak on behalf of the deceased, accounting to Osiris for a lifetime of deeds. Therefore, heart amulets were only used on the mummy to protect the owner's organ and to ensure that their heart gave a positive response at judgment. It served as a symbol of triumph of purity and wisdom over death and corruption.
Bibliography: Sousa, R. (2007). The Meaning of the Heart Amulets in Egyptian Art. Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, 43 , 59-70.
Dimensions: Length: 1 1/2 inches (3.8 cm)
Condition: Intact and in good condition overall. Presented on a custom mount.
Provenance: Dr. John Winnie private collection, acquired from Christie's London, October 29, 2003, lot 170, previously from the private collection of George Anastase Michaelides (1900-1973), legally imported from Egypt in the 1940's.