An Egyptian Pre-Dynastic Nile Clay Redware Vessel, ca. 3500 - 3200 BCE
of cylindrical form, the sides of the vessel are smooth and taper toward a narrower, flat base, the rim out-turned. The exterior is coated with a thin red iron-oxide wash and burnished to a lustrous finish, a technique that polished and compacted the surface enabling the vessel to serve more efficiently, if desired, as a container for liquids. The vessel was made by hand using coil construction (the process is still visible on the inside) and was smoothed mostly by hand.
This polished red vessel (P-class as per Petrie's classification) is closely allied and has the same surface treatment as the black-topped B-class vessels but lacks the blackened rim and interior. For a similar example cf: McKissick Museum, The First Egyptians, page 108-109.
Condition: The vessel is intact and in excellent condition overall, the burnished red surface exhibits a fine craquelure where preserved, with minor surface losses relating to erosion or soluble salt efflorescence. A fine example.
Dimensions: Height: 3 1/2 inches (8.89 cm)
Provenance: Private New York collection, acquired from the NYC trade in the early 2000s.