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A Published Egyptian Amethyst Scarab, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, 1939-1760 BC

carved from deep purple amethyst, a gem much favored by the nobility, with suture and pronotum lines on the back, the base uninscribed.

Background: A scarab is an amulet of a dung beetle; an insect that held particular significance for the Egyptians, who interpreted the rolling of a ball of dung along the ground and down a hole as simulating the sun moving across the sky and setting. The scarab laid its eggs inside the dung, and after an incubation period the offspring emerged from beneath the earth. Thus the Egyptian word for scarab was ‘ Kheper’ meaning ‘to come into existence’. This creature became the embodiment of the creator god Khepri, who had a human body and the head of a dung beetle, and whom it was believed brought the sun from the underworld and moved it through the sky. One of the most popular amulets in Egypt, scarabs were produced for over 2000 years, from the end of the Old Kingdom to the Ptolemaic Period.

Published: Lacovara, Peter 'The realm of Osiris: Mummies, coffins, and Ancient Egyptian funerary art in the Michael C. Carlos Museum', Emory University (2001), page 62, #54 (b)

Condition:    small chip to the head otherwise intact and in excellent condition overall. 

Dimensions:  Overall Height: 13/16 inch (2.1 cm), Width: 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) 

Provenance:  on loan to the Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, Atlanta GA, from 1998 - 2015, loan number: L1998.062.124B

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