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A Chinese Neolithic Pottery Jar, Gansu Yangshao Neolithic Period, ca. 3500 - 2500 BC

AP1802

Hand molded in fine, red clay, the flared sides rise from a flat base to a broad rounded shoulder that tapers to a graceful everted rim. The shoulder of the vessel is flanked by two lug handles. The highly dynamic lozenge and circle design is applied in light brown pigment  to the smooth burnished surface that commences just below the shoulder.  A vessel such as this example would have been used to keep goods cool in the sand. The undecorated bottom half would was buried in the sand with the decorated top portion  visible above the sand.

In his "Prehistoric Pottery in China", (London, 1938), Ph. Dr. G. D. Wu illustrates the general characteristics of the wares from this culture, in Illustrations, p 41-43. The motif design on the pot is classified within Family 1 - Four large circles - as per Mr N. Palmgrens scheme of classification.  Also see: Watson W. "Pre-Tang Ceramics of China" (1991)pg 91 #46 & 47(c)

Dimensions: Height: 11 1/4 inches (28.5 cm)

Condition: Repair to the rim, with some scattered light surface deposits and very minor paint loss, otherwise intact and in good condition.

Provenance: Private Texas collection, acquired in late 1990's.



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